Did you know that the oldest well-preserved rug discovered is dated back to the 4th century B.C.? and one of those two rugs has the designs of horsemen, roe deers, and highly symmetrical floral patterns. The rug was found in a semi-frozen burial tomb on the borders of Kazakhstan. With such a detailed pattern, the rug truly speaks for the craftmen ship of Persian rug makers.
Around three thousand years ago, the first weavers which emerged were the shepherds who belonged to the tribes of Central Asia. There basic need at that moment was to make woolen clothing to provide comfort and warmth. As they progressed on to make the more woolen fabric to perform certain tasks such as carrying goods, the seat for horseback, flooring for camps, they finally made the rugs part of their lifestyle. The main purpose of rugs became keeping the rooms warm for people living in the mountain regions in Siberia. Animal wool and dry grass were used for making those rugs, and as the complications progressed, fancier rugs came into existence to display prestige. Persians have excelled in the skill of weaving gold and silver into their rugs. The culture expanded in different parts of Asia with different techniques and materials.
Archaeologists have discovered fragments from several parts of Turkestan, Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Explorers have also found the rug fragments with symmetrical knots in Lop Nur, China, and Russia. A carpet fragment from the empire of Loulan, Xinjiang province; China dated back to the 3rd-4th century AD has been stored in the British Museum in London. All of the rug fragments have distinct pattern and colors, which demonstrates that the skills and techniques used for weaving and dying were already known in western Asia as well.
In 1000 CE, the Persian merchants brought the art of weaving to Europe. The art spread arcoss with great appreciation Spanish rugs for famous for their hand-woven rugs. The floorings of the most elegant palaces of England have the rugs which showcase the royal craftsmanship. European royalty still orders rugs from the most talented rug makers in the Middle East.
The rug production today uses the mechanized process, to make the commercial rugs for all means. Erastuc B. Bigelow invented the power loom to manufacture Wilton carpets in 1848. The Machine was so precise that the sewn strips on were barely noticeable. It reduced the labour required to make a rug and hence the rugs in the market became much more affordable to common people for their homes and offices. There are services available which provide the cleaning and protection of rugs. The material used today for making rugs can be of natural or synthetic fiber ranging from nylon and wool to polyester and acrylic.